This and US President Donald Trump’s re-election will continue to have profound impacts on the Middle East. They can point to their love of Israel, emulating its brand of Jewish nationalism, as they whip up a wave of white nationalist, anti-immigrant fervour at home. From New York to Hong Kong/Seoul to London, journalists can collaborate around the clock to report on a breaking story. As we all know, the number 2020 is associated with perfect vision. From Representative Betty McCollum’s bill prohibiting the use of US aid money for the military detention of Palestinian children, to presidential candidate Bernie Sanders stating that some of the money given to Israel should be redirected to Gaza, to Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez suggesting that the US cut off all aid to Israel, a discussion of holding Israel accountable has entered the national discourse at the highest level. Over the course of two days alone this November, 34 Palestinians were killed by Israeli air raids in Gaza, among them eight members of one family (including five children and two women) - before a ninth member also succumbed to his injuries. This week, while all eyes have been on the Democratic National Convention taking place via Zoom, truly historic events have occurred in the Middle East: a long-awaited peace deal between With several countries in the region beginning reopening in past weeks, and a recent uptick in activity, rising infection numbers may pose risks. Of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, three were in the Middle East: the Great Pyramids of Giza (Egypt), the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq), and the Great Lighthouse of Alexandria (Egypt). The Gulf is on a hair-trigger, but my betting is still against war on Iran in 2020. Boris Johnson, fresh from winning the UK election, has promised to ban local authorities from supporting a boycott of Israel, while his antisemitism adviser is threatening to shut down online media outlets critical of Israel - ones that also happen to have been supportive of Corbyn. Times Insider Three News Hubs, 24-Hour Coverage: The Times’s Global Relay. The risk of further conflagration is a major reason why the United States must remain engaged even as geopolitics and growth potential argue for a greater focus on Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere. Only England And Wales jurisdiction apply in all legal matters. Gibbons-Neff, Thomas and Eric Schmitt. Jews have fought since the 19th century against antisemitism, which targeted them as a group, and have refused to accept the antisemitic claims that they are a race. The Middle East, a region mostly in Asia, is the site of some of the world’s oldest civilizations. The US election in November promises to be much more pivotal, as it marks an opportunity to unseat Donald Trump, who has brought volatility and uncertainty to relations with the Middle East: from the precipitous withdrawal from Syria at the instigation of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to the near-attack on Iran for downing a US drone (avoided at the last minute if Trump is to be believed), to a wholesale sellout of Palestinians in favour of Israel regarding the much-vaunted "deal of the century". The views expressed in this article belong to the authors and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye. The region is so unstable, it would not take much to trigger a third Gulf war. The next step toward an all-out war in the Middle East happened late Thursday. Current Leader: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei / President Hassan Rouhani. In 2020, Israeli citizens will be forced once again to choose between two war criminals - and as far as Palestinians are concerned, the differences between the two are mainly semantic. Volume 27, Issue 2 ... Spring 2020. And three Middle Eastern countries—Iraq, the UAE, and Iran—are also among the largest suppliers. Though there will be little chance for improvement regarding Israel-Palestine, a Democratic president could ease tensions with Iran considerably. Leading Democratic contender Joe Biden has not been known to stake out a clear policy towards the region. It’s also the birthplace of three major religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Nevertheless, he will retain much of his Republican support and still be formidable. The year 2019 will be remembered for the largest and most enduring anti-government protests in Iraq’s modern history. The civil war in Libya could easily descend into house-to-house fighting in Tripoli, unless both Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin come to an Astana-like deal. We use cookies and other technologies to customize your experience, perform analytics and deliver personalized advertising on our sites, apps and newsletters and across the Internet based on your interests. In such an established geopolitical framework, three additional elements should be considered. Volume 27, Issue 3. Pages: 1-206. As for their respective policies towards the occupied territories, differences between left and right are even harder to find. This month alone, the US and British governments have taken measures in that direction, while France, Germany, and the EU have done so over the last year. View the latest Middle East news from Israel, Iran, Iraq, Syria and other Middle Eastern countries on CNN.com. Watch out for the rise of the neo-fascist League in Italy in 2020, and the strong possibility it could form a government. This marks a sea change among normally obeisant Democratic candidates who refuse to rock the boat on Israel. Two political constituencies are behind these laws and resolutions - and neither is concerned about protecting Jews. Please enable cookies on your web browser in order to continue. Rigged! Get the latest BBC News from the Middle East: breaking news, features, analysis and debate plus audio and video coverage from across the Middle East. : Who Governs the US? So, while we certainly still have major battles ahead, our solid record shows we will be victorious. Israel’s will be in early February, and the third such election in the past 12 months, an unprecedented political stalemate. Secondly, there are the ongoing protests in several Arab capitals, mainly, but not only, Beirut and Baghdad. Voters in England and Wales have just handed the most unstable prime minister in postwar history the biggest mandate since Margaret Thatcher. The year 2019 saw many BDS victories around the world, from South Africa downgrading its relations with Israel, to major international companies withdrawing from bidding for the construction of Israel’s illegal settlement railways, to tens of thousands of tourists heeding the call to boycott Eurovision in Tel Aviv, resulting in an attendance of only 10 percent of the expected number. Of course, the custom of whitewashing Israeli apartheid and lethal brutality vis-a-vis Palestinians is nothing new. This would of course be contingent on substantive policy changes regarding Palestinian citizens of Israel and the oppressive occupation of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem. The first one is attempting the reaffirmation of Pax Americana, the second one openly challenging it. The other is the resurgent, racist right and far-right. Stay on top of Middle East latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. However, these policies have also had a large impact on domestic economic activity. The recent legal measures across Europe and the US to implicate all Jews in Israeli crimes are the clearest evidence of the failure of the IHRA strategy to be effective on its own without legal repression. The Middle East remains a source of significant upheaval far beyond its borders, from terrorism to nuclear proliferation to mass migration. Meanwhile, the threat of global recession looms. We rely on readers like you to uphold a free press. The escalation with Iran and its repercussions in the Middle East and for U.S. national security, and possibly, U.S. elections, has moved to the front of the queue in terms of a key driver for 2020. It is difficult to imagine a smooth process by which ruling factions would make the right decisions, bridging the trust gap with the public. One was the defeat in the British election of Jeremy Corbyn - a European leader with a unique record of solidarity with Palestinians. terrorisation-by-constant-buzzing-drone-presence, UK Labour Party recruited ex-Israeli intelligence official for social media role, Thousands mark first death anniversary of Qassem Soleimani, Middle East cinema: These are the region's top films of 2019. First printed in 1947, the Journal continues to present readers with original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. Well, we survived 2019 - just - but what beckons for the new year and the new decade cannot but make us hunker down even deeper in our bunkers. In 2020, the key trends for the Middle East will continue to be conditioned by the long-running clash between the so-called Arab Nato, consisting of the United States, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and the so-called Axis of Resistance, composed of Iran, Syria, Hezbollah and pro-Iranian militias in Iraq and Yemen. Israel exploited western passivity to entrench and expand the occupation, and to intensify racist legislation inside Israel. The left could have jumped at this chance to offer voters a real political alternative to occupation and apartheid. (Illustration by Mohamad Elaasar), 2010-2019: The Middle East's decade of revolution. But every attempt to delegitimise BDS has been legally challenged, and defeated, by civil rights and Palestine advocacy organisations such as the American Civil Liberties Union, Palestine Legal and the Center for Constitutional Rights. Will common sense break out, before vast tracts of the Middle East look like Syria? Experts believe Britain can’t do this. — Ayaan Hirsi Ali, The Wall Street Journal , June 26, 2020. Possibly the most significant BDS victory of the year was US politicians broaching the topic of conditioning aid to Israel - that is, discussing sanctions. 2020 outlook: Where is the Middle East heading? The years 1914, 1945 and 1979 were three turning points in British history. Escalation might also have effects on energy markets … Middle East Institute, Nov. 22, 2019. The second was a new executive order issued by US President Donald Trump that embraced a controversial new definition of antisemitism. This content is currently not available in your region. These moves have recently been replicated elsewhere in France and Germany. Most of the principal motives for acquiring nuclear or other advanced weapons will persist even after changes of regime. This is happening in the street, but also within Congress, where a number of legislators have signed on to a resolution affirming the right to boycott. See all volumes and issues Volume 12, 2020 Vol 11, 2019 Vol 10, 2018 Vol 9, 2017 Vol 8, 2016 Vol 7, 2015 Vol 6, 2014 Vol 5, 2013 Vol 4, 2012 Vol 3, 2011 Vol 2, 2010 Vol 1, 2009 Login or register to access this feature "America looks different if you grew up, as I did, in Africa and the Middle East". See our, Read a limited number of articles each month, You consent to the use of cookies and tracking by us and third parties to provide you with personalized ads, Unlimited access to washingtonpost.com on any device, Unlimited access to all Washington Post apps, No on-site advertising or third-party ad tracking. © Middle East Eye 2021 - all rights reserved. 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